Monday, November 5, 2007

India's cotton revolution is the subject of constant discussion at global agricultural forums, but in India almost no one has heard of it


Cotton Flower, originally uploaded by curlymonkey.

Norman Borlaug, the Nobel Prize winner, who invented the dwarf varieties of wheat and helped create India's first Green Revolution, predicted that science would also drive India's second Green Revolution.

He is turning out to be right. Biotech (Bt) or transgenic cotton is the miracle seed that resists bollworm — an insect which used to destroy a third to half of our cotton crop each year. By planting Bt cotton farmers have successfully fought the insect and delivered the highest production and exports in India's history.

Production has risen from 158 to 279 lakh bales per year from 2002 to 2006. Net income per farmer has increased by Rs 17,500 per hectare for India's 23 lakh cotton farmers. From an importer, India has become the third largest exporting nation.
: Let biotech crops bloom: Gurcharan Das: Times of India:

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